Due to the high costs of maintaining a car – insurance, repairs and taxes – the constant increasing price of petrol, limited and costly parking, more people have decided to join the transport revolution. The main phenomena that represent it are:
It is an urban mobility service that allows people to use private vehicles made available by the owners. It is possible for users to book the vehicles for a period time in their journey characterised by usage time – minutes or hours, paying only for the use of the same, namely, the time that characterises the journey. This type of service is born with two main objectives: the first one is to limit emissions as much as possible, reducing the environmental pollution caused by the circulation of vehicles. The second purpose is to reduce management costs and vehicle maintenance cost.
It is a commuting method that involves the sharing of private cars among a group of people. The main purpose of this sharing is to reduce travel costs. In carpooling, therefore, one or more individuals will make a vehicle available, while others contribute with the amount of money needed to support part of the travel expenses incurred. This type of vehicle sharing is particularly common in university and working environments. In this case, more people who have to travel the same route, they will agree on a vehicle and share travel cost.
Ride sharing is a concept that has evolved in recent years and which is basically a series of sharing car lifts, characterised by different modes. Mainly it is a service exclusively on user request and vehicle are shared on demand. Sometimes it consists of commercial services that operate in urban areas, similar to a taxi services. This service provides pickups made by private vehicles, which can be booked in real time by users, with their cell phone through dedicated Apps.